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Communist Party of India


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The Communist Party of India was founded in December1925 to be a part of the nations freedom struggle and also to envision a socialist India. The fusion of militant anti-imperialist patriotism and internationalism, of the struggle for national liberation and the class struggle for socialism led to the party's creation.

 Social equality for women, adult franchise, nationalization of private-owned enterprise have been some of the party's crucial issues. The CPI has been forthright about backing issues like nations wealth in the nations hands (nationalization), land to the tiller (land reforms), social justice for the untouchables, democratic rights of organisations, right to protest through demonstrations and strikes, etc.

 The main slogan of the party, 'People's Democracy' was substituted by 'National Democracy' in 1951.  In 1957, CPI emerged as the strongest opposition party in the assembly elections in Kerala and won. This was the first time in independent Indian history that an opposition party won control over an Indian  state. But soon in 1964, some ideological differences within the party brought about a major split, leading to the creation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), which CPI as the smaller of the Communist entities in India. The CPI was also the government in power in Kerala between 1970-77, with Congress support,  and Achutha Menonwas elected as the chief minister. CPI has also been a part of the Left Frront government in West Bengal, Tripura and intermittently in Kerala in the last 20 years. In Tamil Nadu it is part of the Progressive Democratic Alliance.

CPI also has some incorporated organizations, some of which were created to look after employee welfare at the lower levels of society.
  • All India Trade Union Congress
  • All India Youth Federation
  • All India Students Federation
  • National Federation of Indian Women
  • All India Kisan Sabha (peasants organization)
  • Bharatiya Khet Mazdoor Union (agricultural workers)
  • All India State Government Employees Federation (State government employees)
Latest Happening in the Party
CPI is recognized as a 'National Party' by the Election Commission of India. Today, the Communist Party of India is known to be the only National political party from India which has contested in all general elections with the same electoral symbol.

On national level, CPI supports the Indian National Congress-led United Progressive Alliance government, but without taking part in it. The party is part of the coalition of leftist and communist parties, also known as the Left-Front in national media. The part has been against India's recent nuclear treaty with the United States and even withdrew support to the Manmohan Singh government over the issue.

AB Bardhan is the present general secretary of CPI. The party has fraternal relations with other Communist-aligned parties like CPI(M), Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) and Forward Bloc (FB).

List of CPI candidates for Lok Sabha Election 2009
S.No State Name Constituency Name Candidate Name
1 Assam Jorhat Dhrupad Borghain
2 Assam Lakhimpur Bhogeshwar Dutta
3 Assam Dibrugarh Ratul Gogoi
4 Bihar Sheohar Tanvir Zafar
5 Bihar Banka Sanjay Kumar Singh Yadav
6 Bihar Madhepura Om Prakash Narain
7 Bihar Madhubani Hemchandra Jha
8 Bihar Jamui Ghajadhar Razak
9 Bihar Begusarai Shatrughan Pd Singh
10 Bihar Khagaria Satyanarayan Singh
11 Chhattisgarh Bastar Manish Kunjam
12 Goa South Goa R D Manueshkar
13 Goa North Goa Christopher Fonseca
14 Gujarat Bardoli Sona Ben Patel
15 Haryana Karnal Mamchand Saini
16 Jammu and Kashmir Udhampur Idrees Tabassum
17 Jharkhand Hazaribagh Bhuvaneshwar Pd. Mehta
18 Karnataka Udupi Chikamagalur S L Radha Sundresh
19 Kerala Ernakulam Sindhu Joy
20 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram P Ramachandran
21 Kerala Mavelikkara R S Anil
22 Kerala Thrissur C N Jayadevan
23 Kerala Wayanad M Rahmathulla
24 Madhya Pradesh Khandwa Zakir Hussain Durrani
25 Madhya Pradesh Shahdol Sadan Singh
26 Maharashtra Gadchiroli - Chimur Prof Kannake
27 Maharashtra Bhandara - Gondiya Kumar Ganvir
28 Maharashtra Ahmednagar Korbhani Waman Shirsath
29 Manipur Inner Manipur Dr Nara Singh
30 Meghalaya Shillong Dalington Dympep
31 NC Territory of Delhi South Delhi Srichand Tanwar
32 Orissa Bhubaneswar Sauri Bandhu Kar
33 Orissa Bargarh Debendra Satpati
34 Punjab Faridkot Kushal Bhaura
35 Punjab Bathinda Hardev Arshi
36 Rajasthan Chittorgarh Radha Bhandari
37 Rajasthan Udaipur Meghraj Tawar
38 Tamil Nadu Tenkasi P Lingam
39 Tamil Nadu Nagapattinam M P M Selvarasu
40 Tamil Nadu Chennai North D Pandian
41 Uttar Pradesh Banda Santosh Kumar Urmiliya
42 Uttar Pradesh Aonla Tikaram Sahu
43 Uttar Pradesh Meerut Mugish Jilani
44 Uttar Pradesh Ghosi Atul Kumar Anjaan
45 Uttar Pradesh Muzaffarnagar Dheer Singh
46 Uttar Pradesh Lalganj Hariprasad Sonker
47 Uttar Pradesh Ghazipur Suraj Ram Baghi
48 Uttar Pradesh Mainpuri Hakim Singh Yadav
49 West Bengal Ghatal Gurudas Dasgupta










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