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India Election Statistics

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Biennial Elections to the Legislative Council 2009-2010
Uttar Pradesh

India: The world's seventh largest country in area, India occupies more than 3 million sq km (1 million sq miles)

Total Area
3,287,590 sq km
Land: 2,973,190 sq km
Water: 314,400 sq km
( comparatively slightly more than one-third the size of the US )

International Boundaries
India consists geographically of the entire Indian Peninsula and portions of the Asian mainland. The length of India from north to south is 3,050 km (1,900 mi); from east to west it is 2,950 km (1,830 mi). India also has two island chains, each forming its own union territory. The Andaman and Nicobar island chain lies east of the mainland between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Its southernmost island is only 200 km (120 mi) from the northern tip of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The Lakshadweep island group is located off India's southwest coast.

Land boundaries:
Total: 14,103 km
Border Countries: Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km
Coastline: 7,000 km

Elevation extremes
Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Population
With more than 1 billion inhabitants, India ranks second only to China among the world's most populous countries. Its people are culturally diverse, and religion plays an important role in the life of the country. About 80.5% of the Indians practice Hinduism, a religion that originated in India. Another 13.4% of the population is Muslims. This makes India home to the third-largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia and Pakistan. India also contains the majority of the world's Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (2%), Buddhists (0.8%), Jains (0.4%) and Jews. Eighteen major languages and more than 1,000 minor languages and dialects are spoken in India. Religious majorities vary greatly in different states. Jammu and Kashmir and Lakshadweep are Muslim majority states; Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram are Christian majority; Punjab is mostly dominated by Sikhs; Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim states mainly have Buddhists.

Total Population 1,147,995,904 (2008 est)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 31.5% (male 189,238,487/female 172,168,306)(2008 est)
15-64 years: 63.3% (male 374,157,581/female 352,868,003) (2008 est)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 28,285,796/female 31,277,725) (2008 est)

Median age:
total: 24.1 years
male: 24.1 years
female: 24.2 years (2002)

Sex Ratio
At birth: 1.12 male(s)/female (2008)
Under 15: 1.10 male(s)/female (2008)
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2008)
Population growth rate:
1.578% (2008 est)
Birth rate:
22.22 births/1,000 population (2008 est)
Death rate:
6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est)

Area wise bottom 5 parliament constituencies

STATE / UT NAME PC NAME AREA (sq. km)
JAMMU & KASHMIR Ladakh 173266.37
RAJASTHAN Barmer 71601.24
GUJARAT Kutch 41644.55
ARUNACHAL PRADESH Arunachal West 40572.29
ARUNACHAL PRADESH Arunachal East 39749.64


Area wise Top 5 parliament constituencies

STATE / UT NAME PC NAME AREA (sq. km)
NCT OF DELHI Delhi Sadar 28.09
MAHARASHTRA Mumbai South Central 18.31
MAHARASHTRA Mumbai South 13.73
WEST BENGAL Calcutta North West 13.23
NCT OF DELHI Chandni Chowk 10.59


Number of Polling Stations
Presently there are 8,28,804 polling stations in the country. In 2004 lok sabha elections, there were 6,87,402 polling stations. This shows an increase of 1,41,402 polling stations. The main reason for this increase is largely due to rationalization of polling stations, which the Commission undertook during 2008 and 2009. Around 12,901 new polling stations have been setup in villages having less than 300 electors. This is to address concerns of threat and intimidation to voters. The Election Commission has undertaken an exercise of ‘Vulnerability Mapping’ in all Constituencies so that it can identify areas and voter segments vulnerable to threat and intimidation. The commission has endeavored to provide polling stations in the vulnerable localities. Other reasons for making new polling stations include the following:
  • Need to reduce the distance required to be traveled by voters.
  • Geographical barriers such as rivers and hills etc.
  • This exercise has been done in all the districts after consulting with political parties.

Sl. No State / Union Territory Number of Polling Station During 1999 Number of Existing Polling Stations
1 Andhra Pradesh 60,960 56,311
2 Arunachal Pradesh 1,741 1,734
3 Assam 17,653 17,654
4 Bihar 83,170 49,427
5 Chhattisgarh* 0* 15,671
6 Goa 1,135 1,003
7 Gujarat 35,053 36,684
8 Haryana 15,449 12,553
9 Himachal Pradesh 6,230 6,230
10 Jammu & Kashmir 6,513 6,511
11 Jharkhand* 0* 17,247
12 Karnataka 44,497 39,686
13 Kerala 23,007 20,332
14 Madhya Pradesh 56,455 42,276
15 Maharashtra 74,111 73,938
16 Manipur 2,001 2,001
17 Meghalaya 1,576 1,569
18 Mizoram 782 789
19 Nagaland 1,581 1,573
20 Orissa 30,015 26,250
21 Punjab 18,220 15,623
22 Rajasthan 40,869 35,689
23 Sikkim 336 343
24 Tamil Nadu 54,847 47,977
25 Tripura 2,367 2,367
26 Uttar Pradesh 123,862 101,678
27 Uttaranchal* 0* 7,653
28 West Bengal 61,514 48,747
29 A & N Islands 370 327
30 Chandigarh 645 405
31 D & N Haveli 123 128
32 Daman & Diu 82 82
33 Lakshadweep 43 40
34 NCT of Delhi 8,666 9,008
35 Pondicherry 778 615
Total: 774,651 700,121
Note: * States were not formed. They were part of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh respectively.


Seats in Lok Sabha

Sl. No State / Union Territory Type of Constituencies TOTAL
GEN SC ST
1 Andhra Pradesh 34 6 2 42
2 Arunachal Pradesh 2 - - 2
3 Assam 11 1 2 14
4 Bihar 33 7 - 40
5 Jharkhand 8 1 5 14
6 Goa 2 - - 2
7 Gujarat 20 2 4 26
8 Haryana 8 2 - 10
9 Himachal Pradesh 3 1 - 4
10 Jammu & Kashmir 6 - - 6
11 Karnataka 24 4 - 28
12 Kerala 18 2 - 20
13 Madhya Pradesh 20 4 5 29
14 Chhattisgarh* 5 2 4 11
15 Maharashtra 41 3 4 48
16 Manipur 1 - 1 2
17 Meghalaya 2 - - 2
18 Mizoram - - 1 1
19 Nagaland 1 - - 1
20 Orissa 13 3 5 21
21 Punjab 10 3 - 13
22 Rajasthan 18 4 3 25
23 Sikkim 1 - - 1
24 Tamil Nadu 32 7 - 39
25 Tripura 1 - 1 2
26 Uttar Pradesh 63 17 - 80
27 Uttaranchal* 4 1 - 5
28 West Bengal 32 8 2 42
29 A & N Islands 1 - - 1
30 Chandigarh 1 - - 1
31 D & N Haveli - - 1 1
32 Daman & Diu 1 - - 1
33 Delhi 6 1 - 7
34 Lakshadweep - - 1 1
35 Pondicherry 1 - - 1
Total: 423 79 41 543


Election Statistics - Voting percentage in Lok Sabha Elections

General Election Year Male Female Total
1st 1952 - - 61.2
2nd 1957 - - 62.2
3rd 1962 63.31 46.63 55.42
4th 1967 66.73 55.48 61.33
5th 1971 60.90 49.11 55.29
6th 1977 65.63 54.91 60.49
7th 1980 62.16 51.22 56.92
8th 1984 68.18 58.60 63.56
9th 1989 66.13 57.32 61.95
10th 1991 61.58 51.35 56.93
11th 1996 62.06 53.41 57.94
12th 1998 1998 57.88 61.97
13th 1999 63.97 55.64 59.99
14th 2004 52.65 44.65 48.74









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