Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) retains all the characteristics of
voting by ballot papers, while making polling a lot more expedient.
Being fast and absolutely reliable, the EVM saves considerable time,
money and manpower. And, of course, helps maintain total voting secrecy
without the use of ballot papers. The EVM is 100 per cent tamper proof.
And, at the end of the polling, just press a button and there you have
What does an EVM unit comprise of ?
The EVM consists of two units that can be inter-linked. One, a ballot
unit which a voter uses to exercise his vote. And the other, a control
unit used by the polling officials.
The Ballot Unit : An electronic ballot box.
A simple voting device, it displays the list of candidates. A facility
to incorporate party names and symbols is in-built. All the voter has to
do is press the desired switch located next to the name of each
candidate. The main advantage is the speed, apart from the simplicity of
operation, which requires no training at all. A single ballot unit takes
in the names of 16 candidates. And thus, by connecting four ballot units
the EVM can accommodate a total of 64 candidates in a single election.
The control Unit : In Total control of the polling
Conduction of polling, display of total votes polled, sealing at the
end of the poll, and finally, declaration of results these are
the various accomplishments of just one gadget : the control unit. In
total control of the polling, this electronic unit gives you all
necessary information at a press of a few buttons. For instance, if you
need to know the total number of votes, you just have to press the Total
switch. Candidates-wise results can be had only at the end of polling.
Independent & Reliable
The EVM is compact and comes in its reusable carry pack. Further, the
EVM works/operates on a battery power source. Making it independent and
To commence polling, the polling officer activates the "Ballot"
switch on the control unit. The voter then has to press the button of
his choice on the ballot unit. This is followed by a short beep sound,
indicating that the vote has been cast. Once again, the polling officer
has to press the "Ballot" switch to clear the machine for the
next voter to cast his vote.
Super-sensitive circuitry : No invalid votes
Inside the control unit, hidden from you, is an extremely sensitive
circuitry that takes care of common election errors or malpractices like
vote duplication. For instance, if one were to press two or more buttons
simultaneously, then no vote would be cast. Even if there was a
micro-second difference in the pressing of the switches, the EVM is
sensitive enough to trace and identify the twitch that was press first.
Once polling is completed, the election results can be known instantly
at the counting station by pressing the 'Result'switch. This
switch is located in a sealed compartment of the control unit.
Tamper proof design
The EVM is designed to be totally tamper proof. Each EVM comes with a
sophisticated programme in assembly language : a software fully seated
against outside influence. And the programme is itself fused on to a
customised micro processor chip at the manufacturers end. This
ensures that the program is rendered tamper proof and inaccessible.
Normally, an EVM displays results on the display panel of the control
unit. But a printout option is available with the use of a Download
Adaptor Unit (DAU). The DAU has to be connected to the control unit and
any standard printer. Further, with the help of a modem, the DAU can
also enable transmission of voting information to a distant centralised
How To Cast Vote Through Electornic Voting Machine
- Voter will be called by name as usual to put his signature on
- Electoral Officer will put special ink on his finger as usual.
- Electoral Officer will hand over a slip containing voters
serial number as shown in the Voter Register.
- Voter will hand over the slip to Presiding Officer . He will
satisfy himself about the genuineness of the particulars of the
- After all these formalities, voter will be asked to reach at
Electronic Voting Machine kept in a corner covered from sides to
maintain secrecy of the vote.
- Voting Machine will contain candidates name and symbol against
each name. There will be a red light and a blue button. Voter shall
have to press the blue button against the candidate of the choice.
Red light will appear on the pressing of blue button and sound like
whistle will also be heard which will indicate that the ballot has
been casted. If red light does not appear voter can press the blue